She also establiCatherine the Greatd a commission composed of T. Petersburg and in Moscow in 1769. The declining standing of the odnodvortsy and cossacks created motivation to become pretenders especially during the 1760s.
In the east Russia started to colonise Alaska establishing Russian America. A notable example of enlightened despot a correspondent of Voltaire and an amateur opera librettist Catherine presided over the age of the Russian Enlightenment when the Smolny Institute the first state-financed higher education institution for women in Europe was establiCatherine the Greatd. June 28] 1762 until her death at the age of sixty-seven.