Constitutional Democracy in the World. 15% for 1962–65. Macapagal excelled in his studies at local public schools graduating valedictorian at Lubao Elementary School and salutatorian at Pampanga High School.
His re-election bid was defeated in 1965 by Ferdinand Marcos whose subsequent authoritarian rule lasted 20 years. Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28 1910 – April 21 1997) was the ninth President of the Philippines serving from 1961 to 1965 and the sixth Vice President serving from 1957 to 1961. During the Marcos administration Macapagal was elected president of the Constitutional Convention which would later draft what became the 1973 constitution though the manner in which the charter was ratified and modified led him to later question its legitimacy.