At the conclusion of the march on the steps of the state capitol King delivered a speech that became known as "How Long Not Long". King's intent was to provoke mass arrests and "create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation". of the Congress of Racial Equality.
federal holiday in 1986. On October 14 1964 King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence. cities.